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When you are starting out learning how to compose PowerShell scripts to carry out responsibilities for you it is genuinely exciting when you see your script do the job the way it need to. Now it is time to acquire it to the upcoming level and give your script the means to make decisions using conditional logic statements. The PowerShell if assertion assemble is a prevalent way to outline circumstances inside of your script. If statements in PowerShell mimic the conclusion-making process folks use each individual working day. If a condition is achieved, then a thing takes place. For case in point, if it is raining outdoors, I’ll grab an umbrella ahead of heading exterior.
In this diagram, if the problem is real, then it runs a specific command or statement. If the affliction is untrue, it moves on to the up coming command or statement. Here’s a simple PowerShell example.
If statements in PowerShell
The syntax of If statements in PowerShell is rather basic and resembles other coding languages.
if (situation) assertion or command
$issue = $accurate
if ( $ailment )
Create-Output "The ailment was legitimate"
The initially factor the
if statement does is appraise the expression in parentheses. If it evaluates to
$genuine, then it will execute the
scriptblock in the braces. If the price was
$fake, then it would skip in excess of that scriptblock.
The most widespread point you will use
if statements in PowerShell are for evaluating two objects with each and every other. Powershell has special operators for distinctive comparison scenarios. When you use a comparison operator, the benefit on the still left-hand side is as opposed to the price on the proper-hand aspect.
-eq does equality checks between two values to make absolutely sure they are equal to each other.
$worth = Get-MysteryValue
if ( 5 -eq $benefit )
# do something
In this case in point, I am having a recognised value of
5 and comparing it to my
$value to see if they match.
Other operator’s values that can be utilised –
|better than or equal
|a lot less than
|a lot less than or equivalent
|string matches wildcard pattern
|string does not match wildcard pattern
|string matches regex pattern
|string does not match regex sample
|assortment incorporates a vlaue
|assortment does not incorporate a benefit
|worth is in a selection
|worth is not in a collection
|both of those objects are the very same sort
|the objects are not the same kind
How to Use If Statements in PowerShell to Check If A File Exists
Now that we have covered how the If statement operates, I would like to demonstrate you a widespread use scenario I have utilised the If Statement many situations before.
I often locate myself building scripts that I would only like to run if a certain file exists or does not exist.
For case in point, this is fantastic if you want to operate a script if an application is installed because a particular file will exist on a laptop.
The statement that you can use to see if a file exists is the take a look at-route statement.
Take a look at-Route -Route c:reportsReport1.txt
If the file exists the Output “True” will be shown
If (Test-Path -Path E:reportsprocesses.txt ) Duplicate-Item -Route E:reportsprocesses.txt -Place C:experiences
In this example, I will look at if “c:reportsReport1.txt” exists and if it exists, I will copy the file to “C:reports”. Below is the script that will do the occupation.
How To UseIf Statements in PowerShell To Verify If A File Exists And Delete It
In the very last sub-area, you noticed how to examine if a file exists and duplicate the file. What if you want to duplicate the file rather?
If you want to delete the file as a substitute of copying it, swap the Duplicate-Product command with the Get rid of-Product command.
Listed here is the updated script that uses PowerShell “IF” assertion to check if a file exists. Then, if it exists, delete it…
$fileexists = Test-Path -Path E:reportsfirst-file.txt If ($fileexists ) Remove-Product -Path E:reportsfirst-file.txt -Power
PowerShell is an extremely highly effective instrument that every single sysadmin ought to be making use of. The
if statement is such a simple statement but is a very elementary piece of PowerShell, allowing for you to automate sophisticated duties primarily based and conditional choice-producing. You will discover you applying this multiple instances in nearly each individual script you create. I hope this posting has specified you a better comprehension than you experienced just before.